Evaluating sources of information is an important step in any research activity this section provides information on evaluating bibliographic citations, aspects of evaluation, reading evaluation, print vs internet sources, and evaluating internet sources. The dreaded research paper can leave many wondering where to go for information with the internet being so accessible, it might be tempting to type words into google and use whatever comes up first you may get lucky and get great sources, or you may get stuck with less credible sites that leave your. Second hand research is research you are getting from various texts that has been supplied and compiled by others such as books, periodicals, and web sites regardless of what type of sources you use, they must be credible in other words, your sources must be reliable, accurate, and trustworthy. Credible versus non credible sources credible sources are ones the reader can trust we trust that the author's ideas are his or her own and can be backed up with evidence when writing a research paper, doing research, or reading for background information, writers should always use a credible source citing non. Choosing credible sources when a writer uses a book or published article as a source in a research paper, there are not many questions to ask about the credibility of that source many editors have gone through the evaluation process before publication using books and the library databases as your first line of research. The purpose of this paper is to help authors to think about ways to present qualitative research papers in the american journal of pharmaceutical education it also discusses examining the data for reliability and validity assesses both the objectivity and credibility of the research validity relates to the.
The definition of a credible source can change depending on the discipline, but in general, for academic writing, a credible source is one that is unbiased and is backed up with evidence when writing a research paper, always use and cite credible sources use this checklist to determine if an article. Your resources need to be recent enough for your topic if your paper is on a topic like cancer research, you would want the most recent information, but a topic such as world war ii could use information written in a broader time range authority does the information come from an author or organization that. To establish credibility is to refer to established known facts as they relate to the subject of the research.
This work is licensed under a creative commons attribution-noncommercial- share alike 40 license this article is available in credible while the credibility in quantitative research depends on instrument construction, in qualitative research, “the researcher is the instrument (patton, 2001, p 14) thus. Is co-authorship of academic papers out of control with one physics paper published this year by the team at the large hadron collider at the european organisation for nuclear research (cern) listing 5,154 researchers, and with hundreds of articles now citing at least 1,000 authors, some scholars have.
Key word& qualitative research, credibility, research quality approaches to qualitative inquiry have become highly diverse, including work informed by phenomenology, ethnomethodology, ethnography, her- meneutics, symbolic interaction, heuristics, critical theory, positivism, and feminist inquiry, to namebuta few (patton. For ensuring rigour in this form of work have been in existence for many years guba's constructs, in particular, have won considerable favour and form the focus of this paper here researchers seek to satisfy four criteria in addressing credibility, investigators attempt to demonstrate that a true picture of the phenomenon. It is important to use credible sources in an academic research paper because your audience will expect you to have backed up your assertions with credible evidence think of it this way: if you went to the doctor to get advice on a symptom you were having, and your doctor told you his diagnosis was based on something.
Articles from scholarly, peer-reviewed, academic, and refereed journals are more credible than articles from popular or trade journals ('magazines') because they have gone through the most rigorous review process they also have the most references or citations popular magazines are not considered to. Since qualitative researchers do not use instruments with established metrics about validity and reliability, it is pertinent to address how qualitative researchers establish that the research study's findings are credible, transferable, confirmable , and dependable trustworthiness is all about establishing these.